7/24/20233 min read


Mexico is facing a severe drought that threatens its communities, agriculture and environment. The effects of climate change, combined with the overexploitation of water resources and the lack of adequate conservation measures, have exacerbated this crisis. In this article, we will explore the drought situation in Mexico, its impacts and the importance of taking urgent measures to mitigate its consequences.

  • Severity of drought: Mexico has experienced recurrent droughts in various regions of the country. However, in recent years, drought has intensified and spread to previously unaffected areas. This has led to a significant decrease in the levels of water bodies, including rivers, lakes and aquifers.

  • Impact on agriculture: Drought has a devastating impact on Mexican agriculture, which is highly dependent on water availability. Low rainfall and diminishing water resources make it difficult to irrigate crops, resulting in crop failures, decreased food production and higher prices.

  • Drinking water scarcity: Drought also affects drinking water supplies in many communities. Declining water levels in local sources, combined with pollution and lack of adequate infrastructure, make it difficult to access clean, safe water for human consumption.

  • Crisis for ecosystems: Aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems are severely affected by drought. Declining water levels in rivers and lakes threaten aquatic life, including fish and other important species. In addition, lack of water affects vegetation and biodiversity, altering ecosystems and endangering many species.

  • Economic impact: Drought has a significant impact on the Mexican economy. Decreased agricultural production, combined with water shortages for industry, results in job losses, increased food prices, and decreased income for many communities.

  • Creased conflicts over water: The drought has led to an increase in conflicts over access to water. Communities, farmers and companies compete for limited water resources, which can lead to tensions and disputes. Conflict management and resolution mechanisms need to be established to ensure equitable and sustainable water use.

  • Climate change and prolonged droughts: Climate change is a key factor in the intensification of droughts in Mexico. Rising temperatures and altered precipitation patterns contribute to prolonged and extreme droughts. Addressing climate change at the global level is critical to mitigate the effects of drought.

  • Adaptation and mitigation measures: In the face of the drought crisis, adaptation and mitigation measures are required. This includes developing water conservation policies and practices, promoting efficiency in agricultural and industrial use, investing in sustainable irrigation technologies, and implementing integrated water management strategies.

  • Education and awareness: Education and awareness are key to addressing drought in Mexico. The importance of responsible water use, conservation of water resources and adoption of sustainable practices needs to be promoted in households, schools and communities.

  • Collaboration and collective action: Drought is a challenge that requires collaboration and collective action from all sectors of society. Government, non-governmental organizations, businesses and citizens must work together to implement sustainable solutions and ensure a resilient future in the face of drought.

Drought in Mexico is a crisis that requires urgent attention. Its impacts on agriculture, drinking water supply, ecosystems and the economy are significant. It is critical to take immediate action to address this crisis, including implementing water conservation strategies, strengthening infrastructure and promoting sustainable practices. Only through collaboration and collective action can we effectively address drought and build a more resilient future for Mexico.